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Syafiq, Hasyim The Council of Indonesian Ulama (Majelis Ulama Indonesia, MUI) and Religious Freedom. The Council of Indonesian Ulama (Majelis Ulama Indonesia, MUI) and Religious Freedom.

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Abstract

Setara Institute and CRCS UGM (Centre for Religious and Cross Cultural Study, University of Gajah Mada), in their annual evaluation, state that the Council of Indonesian Ulama (Majelis Ulama Indonesia, MUI), through its movement and its publication of fatwas, has obvious influence on the emergence of opposition to development of religious freedom in Indonesia.2 The influence is evident from the MUI fatwas against Ahmadiyah group, secularism, pluralism, and liberalism. Islam’s Defender Front (Front Pembela Islam, FPI), Islam Community Forum (Forum Umat Islam, FUI), and some Muslim political parties such as United Development Party (PPP) and Justice and Prosperity Party (PKS) are Muslim groups that use these fatwas as justification to disagree with the phenomena of Ahmadiyah, secularism, liberalism, and pluralism. Their reason of doing so is to secure (mengamankan) and enforce (melakasanakan) the edict.3 As reported by Detikcom (17 February 2011),4 Ahmadiyah spokesperson Abdul Basith, during a hearing conducted by Commission VIII of the People’s Representative Council, stated that since the revitalisation of the MUI fatwa on Ahmadiyah in 2005, tragedies affecting the followers of the group have increased. He argued that protection for believers of Ahmadiyah under the current Indonesian government is poorer than it was during the Suharto era. Abdul Basith argued that even though Ahmadiyah has been banned by the MUI since the 1980s, the Suharto regime protected Ahmadiyah pupils from being discriminated against and violated by other mainstream Muslim groups. This statement was rejected by Ma’ruf Amin, the acting chairman of the MUI, saying that the council has never published a direct instruction to discriminate against followers of Ahmadiyah despite the fact that people doing violence to the group usually quote the MUI fatwa.
This paper examines the influence of the MUI on the development of religious freedom in Indonesia. It depicts fatwas, movements, and discourses on religious freedom initiated by the MUI from the perspective of legal pluralism, human rights, and from the internal perspective of the MUI’s actors. This work begins with an introduction to the social and political history of the MUI, and addresses definitions, methods, and criteria used by the MUI to denounce certain Islamic religious groups as being the sesat (heretical). On the basis of this, some examples of the group are also presented here. Some critical and analytical remarks are made in the latter part of this paper.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email lib@uiii.ac.id
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2021 07:23
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2021 02:41
URI: http://repositories.uiii.ac.id/id/eprint/12

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